The Škoda Octavia was a small family car produced by Czech automaker Škoda Auto at their plant in Mladá Boleslav. It was introduced in January 1959 and was named Octavia as it was the eighth car produced by the nationalised Skoda company.

The saloons were produced until 1964, when it was replaced by the Škoda MB1000/1100. An estate version was introduced in 1961, and remained in production until 1971.

The car was the successor to the Škoda 440/445 on which it was based. It featured redesigned front axles with a coil spring and telescopic shock absorbers rather than a leaf spring as in the 440.

The 1,270 kg (2,800 lb) saloons were sold with 1089 cc engines producing 40 bhp (30 kW), later 50 bhp (37 kW), and 1221 cc engines with 45-55 bhp (34-41 kW). The slightly heavier station wagons at 1,365 kg (3,009 lb) were all shipped with 1.2 litre engines. The top speed was 110– 115 km/h (68-71 mph).

The Škoda Octavia engine and gearbox were used in the Trekka light utility vehicle, which was manufactured in New Zealand from 1966 to 1973.

The Octavia name was resurrected in 1996 for a new model.