The Chevrolet Corsica is a front-wheel drive compact car that was produced by General Motors from 1987 to 1996. The Corsica was built upon the L-body platform which was developed (along with the N-body), as the successor to the X body. It shared the L-body with the 2-door Beretta, and the rebadged revival of the Pontiac Tempest which was essentially the same car, but was only sold in Canada. The Corsica came in two styles and four trims. Sold initially only as a 4-door sedan, it was also available as a 5-door hatchback from model years 1989 to 1991 (replacing the Chevrolet Cavalier hatchback, which was sold only as a 3-door). Corsicas were built alongside the Beretta by both the Wilmington Assembly in Delaware and Linden Assembly in New Jersey.
1987–1989 (1st Generation)
The Corsica was first sold as fleet cars to rental agencies and to large companies in 1987, prior to mainstream release. The Corsica and Beretta were the second best-selling cars in America in 1988, right behind the Chevrolet Celebrity. Many Corsicas were also sold abroad in countries such as Brazil, the Netherlands, and a few were sold in Europe. Much of the suspension components were borrowed from the J-Body Chevrolet Cavalier, and the chassis was an extension of that of the J-Body Cavalier, but modeled with similar proportions to the N-Body. The L-Body platform however, was engineered by Chevrolet rather than Oldsmobile. The car was equipped with either of two powerplants, the 2.0L TBI OHV L4 from the Chevrolet Cavalier, or the 2.8L MPFI OHV V6 from the Chevrolet Celebrity. The base Corsica's door handles were colored silver, while the Corsica LT/LTZ had black-colored handles. Some earlier models had a column shifter with a handbrake between the front seats. This configuration was very unusual for this class of sedan. The hatchback was introduced for 1989, as was an LTZ performance package that included many suspension parts from the Beretta. The rare XT trim included all the performance parts from the LTZ trim as well as a leather interior and a special body kit and spoiler package designed for GM by a third party supplier.
- 1987–1989 2.8 L (173 in³) LB6 V6
- 1987–1989 2.0 L (122 in³) OHV I4
- 1990–1996 2.2 L (134 in³) OHV I4
- 1990–1993 3.1 L (189 in³) Gen II V6
- 1994–1996 3.1 L (191 in³) Gen III V6
- Both the 2.8 L V6 and 2.0 L I4 received a longer stroke crankshaft in the 1990 model year, respectively increasing their displacements to 3.1 L and 2.2 L.
- In the 1992 model year, sequential fuel injection replaced throttle-body injection on the I4 and in 1994 it replaced MPFI on the V6 models. The updated OBD system is sometimes referred to as OBD 1.5.