The Datsun 110 is a mid-size car that was produced from 1955 to 1957 by the Japanese automaker Datsun, the successor of the Datsun DS. The Datsun 120 pickup was derived from the 110 series, which also served as the forerunner for the 210 Bluebird. With the previous model, the chassis was built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and delivered to Datsun, but the 110 was built completely by Datsun itself.
Datsun 110 (1955)
In January 1955, production of the Model 110 as a 5-door sedan and station wagon began, as well as for an ambulance, which was built contemporary with the Toyopet Crown. Shortly after, the Datsun 120 pickup and the K110 model, a sedan with a convertible top, were introduced.
The drive took over the water-cooled inline four-cylinder D10 with 860cc and 25 hp, which was developed before the Second World War. The chassis was produced at the northern Nissan plant in Kanto. The design, which was based on Austin engine models, was very modern at the time, especially compared to its predecessor. The dashboard had a central instrument cluster with speedometer, fuel and temperature gauges, and the entire board electronics consisted of a 6-volt power supply. The grille had two large horizontal chrome strips. In the radiator grille the indicators were mounted and on the back were two tall, narrow oval taillights.
Datsun 112 (1955-1956)
In December 1955, the 112 superseded the 110. The position of the instrument cluster was changed, now sitting in front of the driver, and there were now round taillights. The front turn signals were now positioned on the fenders, almost directly in front of the windscreen. The grille now consisted of two horizontal rows with eight rectangular slots and a large horizontal bar in between. The technique remained completely unchanged in the models, and there was now also a two-door station wagon, while the convertible was no longer available. The Datsun 112 won the second Mainichi Industrial Design Award in 1956 for its novel design, good maneuverability and comfortable interior.
Datsun 113 (1956-1957)
In May 1956 the 113 took over from the 112 and it was built until September 1957. The only change was the transmission. To date, a license-produced inline 4-speed transmission of Austin Motors from the Austin A40 Somerset used. In Asia it was a column shift of great advantage, since it offered the possibility of mounting a front 3-seater bench seat. The weight decreased by 10 kg and at the same time a new vehicle floor was now introduced with a lower transmission tunnel.
On October 1957 the 210 Datsun Bluebird was introduced, based on the 113, but the real successor was the Datsun 114, a cheaper version of the 210