The Lancia Alfa 12 HP (Tipo 51 originally) was the first car made by Lancia.

The cars first road tests begun in September 1907 and production started in 1908. Vincenzo Lancia unveiled his first car in Turin Motor Show in 1908 (January 18-February 2) . The car was equipped with sidevalve straight-4 engine. The car had originally project name "type 51" and was later renamed to Greek alphabet Alfa. The car had top speed of around 90 kilometres per hour (56 mph) with 2544 cc engine producing 28 hp and rotating around 1800 revolutions per minute. This model was sold over one hundred copies, car was also made for racing.

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