The Leyland Lynx is a single-decker bus built by Leyland between 1984 and 1992. It was designed to replace the ageing Leyland National.
Production vehicles began to enter service in 1986. All have a step entrance and a flat gangway towards the back with a larger area at the front for passengers with heavy shopping.
From 1990 to 1992 the updated Lynx II version was produced. It could be recognised easily by its protruding front dash/grille panel, which on the original design was flat. Also on a select few of the 140 vehicles produced some had Volvo engines, which drastically reduced performance in pursuit of more environmentally friendly engines.
Although the large majority of Lynxes carried the Leyland body, seven underframes were bodied by Alexander with N-type bodywork for Citybus (Belfast), including the first prototype. A small number of other underframes for export were bodied by other coachbuilders, including an Alexander PS type for Singapore Bus Service and 2 PMC Metro 90 (Galvastress MKV) bodied ones for Sydney, Australia.
The type saw service all over the UK, with the largest fleet being based in the West Midlands, owned by West Midlands Travel (now National Express West Midlands). A total of 256 operated including 6 demonstrators delivered early in 1986 equipped with Gardner engines and semi-automatic Leyland Hydracyclic gearboxes (which were later converted to ZF automatic). They were gradually withdrawn from 2000 until the last three (1216, 1236, 1312) were withdrawn from normal passenger use in March 2009, although 10 remained in the driver training fleet until March 2010.
The last two Lynxes to roll off the production line entered service with Halton Transport in Widnes in 1992. The latter is registered K853 MTJ, 57. Halton Transport operated a small number of Lynxes on school contracts and the occasional regular service. However in early October 2010, all of Halton's remaining Lynxes were sold, the last Lynx ever made went into preservation, with the second to last Lynx ever produced used to donate spares.
Following the takeover of Leyland by Volvo, the Lynx was superseded by the Volvo B10B. Total production of Lynxes was approximately 1060 vehicles, including six prototypes (one of which was not bodied) and several development vehicles. About 140 of the total were Lynx II.
Several Mk1 and Mk2 Lynxes have now gone into preservation, with some requiring extensive rebuilds to bring them back to original condition due to body corrosion, as well as reversing modifications made by companies during their history. One such example is the removal of all of the patterned body skirts, combined with the replacement of the square wheel arches with non-patterned round ones. Both of these modifications were made to make it easier to replace such parts in the event of an accident.