Leyland Victory Mk2 is a front-engine double-decker bus chassis that was built by Leyland between 1978 and 1981. Like its competitor Dennis Jubilant, Volvo Ailsa B55, it was specifically designed for contemporary operating environment (hilly roads and one-person operation with a farebox) in Hong Kong.
The chassis was developed from the Guy Victory J, which was also chosen by Bus Bodies (South Africa) Limited for the development of its own double decker (four examples had been delivered to Kowloon Motor Bus for evaluation). It could be fitted with Gardner 6LXB engine and Voith D851 gearbox, but one Victory Mk2 for China Motor Bus had been experimentally fitted with SCG GB350 gearbox.
Almost all Leyland Victory Mk2s built for Hong Kong were fitted with Alexander bodywork, but the last 20 buses built for China Motor Bus were fitted with Duple Metsec bodywork.
Kowloon Motor Bus (KMB) introduced 540 Victory Mk2s between 1979 and 1983, including one air-conditioned coach which was unsuccessful and had the air-conditioning unit removed. China Motor Bus (CMB) purchased 167 Victory Mk2s between 1979 and 1982. New Lantao Bus (NLB) also purchased nine between 1980 and 1983, with a further six buses acquired from KMB in later years. In 1993 NLB sold 10 of its Victory Mk2s to Citybus which took over 26 routes from CMB since 1 September 1993.
This model of double-decker bus has served nearly all regions in Hong Kong, including New Territories,Kowloon, Hong Kong Island, and Lantau Island.
All NLB and Citybus's Victory Mk2s were withdrawn in mid-1990s. KMB gave up its last Victory Mk2 in early 1998. CMB operated Victory Mk2s until the takeover of its routes, as well as these buses, by New World First Bus on 1 September 1998, the ex-CMB Victory Mk2s were gradually replaced by new low-floor buses, the last Victory Mk2s were withdrawn after the last day of service on 31 August 2000.
Four Citybus's Victory Mk2s became service vehicles after withdrawal. On the other hand, some withdrawn KMB/CMB Victory Mk2s were sold for use on rescue training.
Leyland Victory Mk2 has a notorious reputation as an unsafe bus, mainly due to its soft suspension and high centre of gravity, which makes it prone to overturning.
|Date||Company||Route||Fleet Number||Accident type||Location|
|29 August 1980||CMB||4||LV11||rollover||Pok Fu Lam Road near Pok Fu Lam Tsuen|
|1 December 1980||KMB||70||G217||rollover||Junction between Nathan Road and Waterloo Road, Kowloon|
|23 August 1981||KMB||66M||G94||collision and fire||Tuen Mun Road near Sham Tseng|
|24 November 1981||KMB||45||G58||rollover||Junction between Fat Kwong Street and Chung Hau Street|
|25 January 1982||KMB||36M||Unknown||rollover||Junction between Castle Peak Road and Wo Yi Hop Road|
|17 August 1982||KMB||85||Unknown||rollover||Lion Rock Tunnel Road|
|12 October 1982||KMB||48||G442||rollover||Junction between Tai Wai Road and Lion Rock Tunnel Road|
|14 November 1982||KMB||60M||G440||rollover||Tuen Mun Road near Siu Lam|
|2 February 1985||KMB||82M||G208||rollover||Junction between Lion Rock Tunnel Road and Tai Chung Kiu Road|
|10 April 1985||KMB||72||G224||rollover||Tai Po Road near Caldecott Road|
|5 November 1986||KMB||61A||G470||rollover||Junction between Ming Kum Road and Shek Pai Tau Road, Tuen Mun|
|17 March 1990||CMB||94||LV21||rollover||Ap Lei Chau Bridge (Exit at Aberdeen side)|
|9 October 1991||KMB||43X||G493||rollover||Entrance of Tsuen Wan Ferry Pier bus terminus|
|25 July 1993||KMB||69M||G305||rollover||Junction between Hung Tin Road and Ping Ha Road|