Pioneer 2M was a Soviet Union land speed record car built in 1961 under the guidance of I. Tichomirov. The body was made of aluminum and the wheels of a magnesium alloy. It was powered by two gas turbine engines (68 hp each at 50000 rpm) placed on either side near the driver's seat. In 1963 the sportsman and engineer J. Tihomirov achieved a speed of 311.419 km/h (193.506 mph) at the Baskunchak salt lake and it became the fastest car in the Soviet Union at the time.