The Renault GTA was a performance version of the Renault Alliance vehicle line, a U.S. market subcompact car that was based on France's most popular car and Renault's best-selling model ever. It was manufactured by American Motors Corporation (AMC) in the U.S. through a partnership with its majority owner Renault during the 1986 and 1987 model years.
With the GTA, Renault offered a limited production, higher performance vehicle option. It came in in 2-door sedan or convertible versions, with a single powerplant option; a 2.0 L fuel-injected 4-cylinder engine. At 4,900 rpm with premium U.S. gasoline, this engine developed 95 hp (71 kW).
Driving performance of the vehicle included a 10.2 second mark for 0 to 60 mph and .89g lateral acceleration rating by Car & Driver magazine.
The GTA used the same uni-body as the two-door Alliance (excluding the 1987 hatch back), but added a skirt, 15-inch Ronal silver painted aluminum alloy sport rims and low-profile Michelin Sport XGT 195-VR50 series tires, upgraded suspension with thicker swaybars, vented front discs, larger exhaust pipe, optional driving lights, custom body moldings, a small spoiler on the rear trunk, red inlaid shift knob, close ratio gears, stiffer engine mounts, larger brake booster and special bolstered seats unique to the model.
The GTA served as last-ditch sales boosters for the economical Alliance line. However, the models were discontinued when Chrysler bought AMC and Renault pulled out of the U.S. market.
In 1988, the first of two recalls on this vehicle was released. Both recalls were related to the GTA's heater core system which was prone to rupturing, causing engine coolant to expel into the passenger compartment.