The Scania-Vabis L20/L60/L71 was a series of heavy duty trucks produced by Swedish automaker Scania-Vabis between 1946 and 1958.

Scania-Vabis L20

Scania-Vabis’ first post-war model, the L10, had been introduced already in 1944. Two years later came the larger L20, with a six-cylinder variant of the company’s module engine which had been introduced in the late 1930s. The truck was also offered with a trailing axle. This version was called the LS20, with an “S” for "support axle". The largest bogie vehicle had a payload capacity of 10.2 tonnes.

Scania-Vabis L60

At the end of 1949, Scania-Vabis introduced a direct injected diesel development of their module engine. It had been designed in collaboration with British truck manufacturer Leyland Motors. With the new engine, the six-cylinder truck got its name changed to L60 and LS60 respectively. Otherwise the truck was mostly unchanged. In 1951 the old fashioned non-synchro four-speed gear box was replaced by a synchronized five-speed transmission.

Scania-Vabis L71 Regent

In the spring of 1954 the final development of Scania-Vabis’ six-cylinder module engines were introduced, with larger displacement. The trucks were renamed L71/LS71 Regent and received air brakes. From the autumn of 1955 they could also be ordered with power steering.


Model Year Engine Displacement Power Type
L20 1946-49 Scania-Vabis D604:? I6 ohv 8,476? cc (517.2? cu? in) 135? bhp (101? kW) Pre-chamber diesel
L60 1949-54 Scania-Vabis D622: I6 ohv 8,476? cc (517.2? cu? in) 135? bhp (101? kW) Direct injection diesel
L71 Regent 1954-58 Scania-Vabis D642: I6 ohv 9,348? cc (570.4? cu? in) 150? bhp (112? kW) Direct injection diesel
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