Between 1933 and 1938 Triumph made a large and confusing range of Gloria sporting saloons, coupés, tourers, 2-seater sports cars, drophead coupés and golfer’s coupés. All these Glorias, apart from the final two models (1.5-Litre Saloon and Fourteen (1767 cc) Six-Light Saloon of 1937-1938) were powered by 1087 or 1232 cc four-cylinder or 1467 or 1991 cc six-cylinder Coventry Climax overhead inlet and side exhaust valve designed engines (modified and built under license by Triumph).
The chassis came in two lengths, with an extra 8 in (203 mm) ahead of the passenger compartment depending on whether the four- or six-cylinder engine was fitted, and had conventional non-independent suspension with semi elliptic leaf springs. The brakes were hydraulically operated using the Lockheed system with large 12 in (305 mm) drums. A four-speed transmission was fitted with an optional free wheel mechanism allowing "clutchless" gear changing. Synchromesh was fitted to the gearbox on the final Fourteen and 1.5-litre models.
Gloria Monte Carlo
The Monte Carlo was available from 1934 until 1935. The engines were available in two states of tune, the Special and the Vitesse. Donald Healey had a strong influence over the car swapping the Solex carburettors for Zenith ones and modified the bodywork so it was suitable for rallying among other things. Very few were made.
The 1935 model year saw the introduction of the Flow-Free. It was Triumph's answer to the popular streamlining culture at the time. It was a two-door saloon but according to some experts the streamlining didn't provide any benefits at low speeds. It was pulled from the market in the autumn of 1935 after approximately 50 were sold.
From August 1934 to 1936 the Gloria range included ‘Gloria Vitesse’ models (not to be confused with later Vitesses) which were up-rated, with twin carburettor engine and equipment, versions of the equivalent Gloria and slightly different bodywork in the case of some saloons.
Gloria Southern Cross
There was also from 1934 to 1937 an open two-seat sporting model, the Southern Cross, re-using the name previously applied to the sports version of the Triumph Super 9. This used a shortened chassis of 96 in (2,438 mm) for 1232 cc four-cylinder models and 104 in (2,642 mm) for the 1991 sixes.
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