The Vauxhall 12 was a saloon car manufactured by Vauxhall between 1933 and 1948. During its time, it was considered as one of the most brilliant designs to come to the British market.
The 12 HP was built between 1933 and 1938. The cars were fitted with a 6-cylinder engine although the cars built during 1938 and the post-war period, were fitted with a 4-cylinder engine. The cars were given a lengthened monocoque body from the Vauxhall Ten.
12HP Light Six
The 12 HP Light Six was built between 1933 and 1938. The cars were fitted with a six-cylinder which has a displacement of 1531cc coming from a bore and stroke of 57mm by 100mm. This helped to produce 36bhp at 4,000 rpm. The cars has a taxable horsepower of 12.08 hp.
Body styles included:
- Standard Saloon (12hp only)
- De Luxe Saloon (by Vauxhall) with Sliding Roof and No-Draught ventilation
- Fixed Head Coupé (by Vauxhall) 2-door with Sliding Roof and No-Draught ventilation
- Special Coachwork
- Tickford Foursome Coupé (by Salmons)
- Pendine 4-seater Sports Tourer (by Holbrook)
- Suffolk Saloon Sports Tourer (by Holbrook)
- Stratford 4-seater Sports (by Whittingham & Mitchell)
- Tourer (by Duple)
- 2-seater with Dickey (by Duple)
The 12 HP Light Six was replaced in September 1938 by a total redesign. A longer six-light body based on the four-light Vauxhall Ten and a larger four cylinder engine.
12 HP Twelve-Four
The 12HP Twelve-Four was produced between 1938 and 1948. It was fitted with a four-cylinder 1442cc engine, a four speed transmission and adequate seating to help give optimal performance with low fuel consumption. The bore and stroke of the engine was 69.5mm by 95mm producing 40 bhp and 11.98 taxable horsepower.
With its rate of acceleration, it could reach it's top speed of 50mph in 23 seconds.
The successor was the Vauxhall Wyvern which was introduced in 1948.